Owning a pet is one of the most rewarding experiences in the world as you’ll have the ability to change an animal’s life and provide it with all the love and care you could possibly offer. No matter if you choose a cat, a dog, a rodent or even a lizard, pets will always live longer and happier in a healthy and safe environment.
But, if you don’t want to adopt a “common” animal as a pet, there are plenty of options for those who desire more “exotic” animals, such as chameleons. They are beautiful creatures but also quite difficult to raise, so make sure to know everything about them before deciding to bring one into your home.
If you’re looking to create an adequate environment for your chameleon, reading about this could prove to be a great starting point.
The fascinating fact about chameleons is that they can change their color in as little as 20 seconds. However, despite the common belief that chameleons change colors to blend in with the environment, recent studies show that there is so much more than this.
In fact, the three most common factors that determine these reptiles to switch colors are light, temperature, and mood swings. Keep in mind that chameleons are very stressed creatures and even the slightest change in temperature, food or environment could cause them damage.
Differences in gender
Although both genders can switch colors, male chameleons can switch to a variety of different shades and colors, as opposed to females that only have a small palette of additional colors they could change to. Male chameleons often change to bright and strong colors when they’re trying to attract females.
Another interesting fact about chameleons is that they have a strong vision for reptiles. Thanks to some amazing genetic features, their eyes can move independently one from the other, which gives them a full 360-degree vision. They can locate their prey from a long distance, usually around 16-32 feet.
On the other hand, just like many other reptiles, including snakes, their hearing is not very powerful. They don’t have an outer ear and neither a middle ear, but they’re not exactly deaf either. They can hear sounds on lower frequencies.
They prey with their tongues
Chameleons mainly feed by projecting their tongues in order to catch their prey. Their tongues are often twice as big as their body size and feature an extremely sticky spit. In fact, a chameleon’s spit is around 400 times more viscous than the spit of a human being, so these lizards will trap their prey on their tongues quite easily.
They vary in size
Chameleons can come in many different sizes and colors, depending on their species. The smallest chameleons can measure as little as 1 inch or be as long as 27 inches.